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AMICO Sample Records
Catalog Record in Data Dictionary Format

AID AIC_.1910.238
OTY Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
CLT Mummy Goods
OTN Mummy Case of Paankhenamun
  OTT preferred
MET H.: 170.2 cm (67 in.); W.: 43.2 cm (17 in.); D.: 31.7 cm (12-1/2 in.)
MED height
MDV 170.2
MDU cm
MED width
MDV 43.2
MDU cm
MED depth
MDV 31.7
MDU cm
OMD Cartonnage (gum, linen and papyrus), gold leaf and pigment on a metal mount
OMT cartonnage
OMM gum
OMM linen
OMM papyrus
OMM gold leaf
OMM pigment
OMS metal mount
OIN The hieroglyphic text above Horus reads: A royal offering of Osiris, presider over the West, the great god, lord of Abydos, Wennofer, ruler of Eternity. Utterance by horus, the son of Osiris, the great god, lord of the sky; may he give a mortuary offering of food and viands, oxen and geese, incense, clothing and every good and prue thing for Osiris, the doorkeeper of the estate of Amun, Paankhenamun, deceased, son of Ainka, the doorkeeper of the estate of Amun, deceased, son of Ankhefenkhonsu. Paankhenamun means "the one who lives for Amun". Khamaat means "The one who arises in Truth". Other identifying hieroglyphs elsewhere on case.
OCH Excellent condition. Areas with decoration have been varnished and have yellowed due to aging. Vertical crack center right side (8-1/2 in.).
OTH Footboard reattached in 1994.
CRT Egyptian
CRN Unknown
CRC Egyptian
CDT Ancient Egypt Africa, North Africa, Egypt
CAP Africa, North Africa, Egypt
OCT Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 22 (c. 945 - 715 B.C.)
OCS -09450101
OCE -07151231
OCP Europe, Greece Central Greece and Euboea, Boeotia department, Thebes
SUP Anthropoid coffin made for Paankhenamun, a doorkeeper of the estate of Amun in Thebes. The case is decorated with a variety of images associated with rebirth. The central scene depicts the presentation of the deceased by the falcon-headed deity Horus to Osiris, main deity of the afterlife.

Decoration on the mummy case:
1. Top register (head to middle of case).
(neck area): Maat with a phoenix bird.
"Broad collars": layers of floral necklaces.
Beetle with hawk head below the sun disk; wings of Nut.
Under beetle: Shen: hieroglyph for "eternity."
2. Middle top register: Scene of Paankhenamum with the gods.
Proper left: Paankhenamum with a cone of scented fat on his wig, is led into the presence of the gods.
Next to Paankhenamum: The hawk-headed god, Horus, Son of Osiris.
Center figure holding staff: The god Osiris.
Next to Osiris: Isis, the sister of Osiris.
Proper far right: Nephthys, sister of Osiris.
Center: The Four Sons of Horus.
3. Middle lower register. The geographic symbol of the city of Abydos.
Proper left: Winged deity, Hathor.
Proper right: Winged deity, Maat.
Rams on a standard.
Under left ram: A (mummy/tekenu ?) bundle on a standard.
Under right ram: Double plumed headdress.
4. Bottom Register.
Center: Djed pillar.
Facing pillar: Falcon gods, "The Behdite, Lord of Heaven."
Under wings: Eyes of Horus.
5. Foot register.
Center: Winged scarab.
Eyes of Horus.
Above beetle: Shen: hieroglyph for "eternity."
Above wings: Demons who live in the underworld.
6. The back of the coffin: single large djed pillar. On either side, below its elbows: hieroglyphs for "The West."

CXD Egyptian, probably from Thebes. The coffin belonged to a man named Paankhenamun, whose name translates as "He Lives for Amun" Paankhenamun was the doorkeeper of the temple of the god Amun, a position he inherited from his father. X-rays reveal that he was approximately 5' 6" tall, and died in middle age. Cartonnage cases were popular at the time that Paankhenamun was buried. After mummification, the wrapped body was inserted into the case through the back. The back was then laced up, a footboard was added, and the case was painted. Cartonnage cases were normally placed inside one or more nested wooden coffins that were also decorated.
OEH AIC, Permanent Ancient Art Galleries, 1994 - present}~
OEH AIC, Periodic exhibition from 1911-1994}~
OEH AIC, Henry Crown Gallery in 1960s - 1970s}~
OEH AIC, Egyptian Gallery #1, circa 1956}~
OEH AIC, Egyptian Gallery # 10, circa 1935}~
OEH AIC, Egyptian Gallery #9 and 10, circa 1923}~
OON The Art Institute of Chicago
OOP Chicago, IL
OOA 1910.238
OOC The Art Institute of Chicago, William Moses Willner Fund
RID Full view
RIR HasFormat
RID Detail: top of head
RIR HasFormat
RID X-ray
RIR HasFormat
  RMD 3-D construction of mummy's head based upon CT data
  RMR References
RDD <i>Cleopatra: A Multi-Media Guide to the Ancient World</i>, The Art Institute of Chicago, 1997
RDR IsReferencedBy
RDD <i>The Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies</i>, 1994, Volume 20, No. 1, pp. 22-25
RDR IsReferencedBy
RDD <i>A Guide to the Collection, Art Institute of Chicago</i>, 1994
RDR IsReferencedBy
RDD <i>Minerva</i>, May/June 1994, Vol. 5, No. 3
RDR IsReferencedBy
RDD <i>The Essential Guide: Art Institute of Chicago</i>, 1993
RDR IsReferencedBy
RDD Allen, <i>A Handbook of the Egyptian Collection</i>, 1924, pp. 7, 12, 13 (ill.), 14-16, 19n, 69, and 124
RDR IsReferencedBy
  DCB Leigh Gates
  DCD 19990422
AVD 20001206
AVV 1.2
ALY 1998

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